Robert F. Kennedy Jr.'s Microsoft-powered chatbot goes missing

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Those concerns are part of the reason OpenAI said in January it would ban people from using its technology to create chatbots that mimic political candidates or provide false information related to voting. The company also said it would not allow people to create applications for political campaigns or lobbying.

While the Kennedy Chatbot page doesn't disclose the underlying model powering it, the site's source code links that bot to LiveChatAI, a company that specializes in its ability to provide GPT-4 and GPT-3.5-powered customer support chatbots to businesses. Advertises. LiveChatAI's website describes its bots as “exploiting the capabilities of ChatGPT”.

When asked which larger language models power the Kennedy campaign's bot, LiveChatAI co-founder Emre Elbeyoglu said in an email statement Thursday that the platform uses “Llama and Mistral” in addition to GPT-3.5 and GPT-4. Uses various techniques like”. “Due to our commitment to customer confidentiality we are unable to confirm or deny the specifics of any customer's use,” Elbeyoglu said.

OpenAI spokesperson Nico Felix told WIRED on Thursday that the company had “no indication” that the Kennedy campaign chatbot was building directly on its services, but suggested that LiveChatAI could use one of its models through Microsoft's services. Can do. Since 2019, Microsoft has reportedly invested more than $13 billion in OpenAI. OpenAI's ChatGPT model has since been integrated into Microsoft's Bing search engine and the company's Office 365 Copilot.

On Friday, a Microsoft spokesperson confirmed that the Kennedy chatbot “leverages the capabilities of the Microsoft Azure OpenAI service.” Microsoft said that its customers were not bound by OpenAI's terms of service, and the Kennedy chatbot was not a violation of Microsoft policies.

“Our limited testing of this chatbot demonstrates its ability to generate answers that reflect its intended context, with appropriate caveats to help prevent misinformation,” the spokesperson said. “Where we find issues, we engage with customers to understand and guide their uses in line with those principles, and in some scenarios, this may require us to close the customer's access to our technology.”

OpenAI did not immediately respond to WIRED's request for comment on whether the bot violated its rules. Earlier this year, the company blocked the developer of Dean.bot, a chatbot modeled after OpenAI that mimicked Democratic presidential candidate Dean Phillips and answered voters' questions .

Late Sunday afternoon, the chatbot service was no longer available. While Page remains accessible on the Kennedy campaign site, the embedded chatbot window now shows a red exclamation point icon, and simply says “Chatbot not found.” WIRED contacted Microsoft, OpenAI, LiveChatAI and the Kennedy campaign for comment on the chatbot's apparent removal, but did not immediately receive a response.

Given chatbots' tendency to hallucinate and hiccup, their use in political contexts has been controversial. Currently OpenAI is the only major major language model that explicitly prohibits its use in promotion; Meta, Microsoft, Google, and Mistral all have terms of service, but they do not directly address politics. And given that a campaign can apparently access GPT-3.5 and GPT-4 through a third party without any consequences, there are hardly any limitations.

“OpenAI can say on the one hand that it does not allow its tools to be used in elections or its tools to be used in election campaigns,” Woolley said. “But on the other hand, it is also making these tools much more easily available. Given the distributed nature of this technology, one has to wonder how OpenAI will actually enforce its policies.”