OpenAI's GPT store is triggering copyright complaints


Over the past few months, Morten Blichfeldt Andersen has spent many hours digging into OpenAI's GPT store. Since launching in January, the custom bots market has been flooded with useful and sometimes quirky AI tools. cartoon generator rotate New Yorker-Style illustrations and vivid anime images. Programming and writing assistants provide shortcuts for producing code and prose. There's also a color analysis bot, a spider recognizer, and a dating coach called RizzGPT. Yet Blichfeldt Anderson is only looking for a very specific type of bot: those that are built on their employer's copyright-protected textbooks without permission.

Blichfeld Andersen is publishing director at Danish textbook vendor Praxis. The company is embracing AI and has created its own custom chatbots. But it is currently engaged in a game of whack-a-mole in the GPT store, and Blichfeldt Andersen is the man holding the hammer.

“I am personally discovering and reporting violations,” says Blichfelt Anderson. “They just keep coming.” They suspect the culprits are primarily young people who are uploading content from textbooks to create custom bots to share with classmates — and they uncovered only a small portion of the infringing bots in the GPT store. Have done. “The tip of the iceberg,” says Blichfeldt Andersen.

It is easy to find bots in the GPT store whose description suggests they may be exploiting copyrighted material in some way, as TechCrunch claimed in a recent article that OpenAI's store was filled with “spam”. In some contexts it is acceptable to use copyrighted material without permission, but in others rights holders may take legal action. WIRED found a GPT called Westeros Writer that claims to “write like George RR Martin” game of Thrones, The second, Voice of Atwood, claims to imitate author Margaret Atwood. Another, Right Like Stephen, aims to emulate Stephen King.

When WIRED tried to tell the King bot the “system prompt” that tunes its responses, the output suggested it had access to King's memoir. on writing, Write Like Stephen was able to reproduce book excerpts verbatim on demand, even noting which page the content came from. (WIRED could not contact the bot's developer, as it did not provide an email address, phone number, or external social profiles.)

OpenAI spokeswoman Kayla Wood says it responds to takedown requests against GPT made with copyrighted material, but declined to answer WIRED's questions about how often it fulfills such requests. . She also says the company actively seeks out problematic GPTs. Wood says, “We use a combination of automated systems, human review, and user reports to find and assess GPTs that potentially violate our policies, including third-party content without the required permission.” Use is also included.”

new controversies

The copyright issue with the GPT store could add to OpenAI's existing legal headaches. The company is facing several high-profile lawsuits alleging copyright infringement, including a the new York Times And many were brought to life by various groups of fiction and nonfiction writers, including big names like George R.R. Martin.

The chatbots offered in OpenAI's GPT store are based on the same technology as their own ChatGPT, but are built by external developers for specific tasks. To customize their bot, a developer can upload additional information that they can use to enhance the knowledge inherent in OpenAI's technology. The process of consulting this additional information to answer a person's questions is called retrieval-augmented generation, or RAG. Blichfeldt Andersen is convinced that the RAG files behind the bots in the GPT store are the hub of copyrighted material uploaded without permission.